DIAMONDS

APRIL BIRTHSTONE

This month’s birthstone, the diamond, is one of the most unique and well-known stones in the world. A symbolism of innocence, strength, and protection, the diamond is the strongest of all the birthstones, making it nearly indestructible. It is also thought to unite the mind with the body. The eye-catching, reflective crystal composition signifies beauty and truth, further making the diamond a unique and complex stone that is widely-popular and rich in history and meaning. 

THE HISTORY OF THE DIAMOND

The word diamond comes from the Greek word “adamas,” which means unconquerable and is reflective of the stone’s immense strength. Ancient Greek warriors often wore diamonds to make them invincible and bring victory and power. During the 15th century, diamonds were first used in engagement rings by royalty. It was not until the 20th century, following the creation of the slogan “a diamond is forever” that diamonds gained even more popularity for engagement rings due to the long-lasting beauty that the stone represents.

Diamonds have signified great importance throughout history in various places and instances. 

The largest diamond in the world is the Great Star of Africa; it is believed that the diamond is only a half of a larger diamond, with the other half still waiting to be found. With 74 facets, this diamond is currently placed in the royal scepter in London along with the royal crown.

Another significant and complex diamond in history is the ORLOV, which was bought and sold to impress Catherine the Great in Russia. It is believed that the diamond was buried in a priest's tomb, putting a curse on Napoleon's army and further reflecting the strength and power of diamonds.

These stones date back to the 4th century, where the first diamond was said to be found in India. Since then, diamonds have established themselves as symbols of power, beauty, and strength. 

SYMBOLISM AND SIGNIFICANCE

Diamonds are known for their strength and captivating physical appearance. These stones are composed of one single element, carbon, making them extremely unique, with a glass-like appearance, and unlike any other birthstone. The ability of diamonds to reflect light are another reason why they are so widely appreciated and valued.

While diamonds were largely discovered in India, deposits were later discovered in South Africa, making the diamond more abundant over time. Today, Australia serves as the largest source for diamonds. Because diamonds require specific temperatures and conditions, they are more rare than other stones; the only places where diamonds can be found are below continental plates or the site of a meteorite strike. They can only be cut using other diamonds due to their high-level of hardness, which explains why diamonds symbolise strength and power. The April birthstone has proven to be significant for centuries. With diamond deposits becoming more rare, the value of diamonds is only increasing, proving that these stones will only continue to be of importance across the world. Its representation of strength, beauty, truth, and innocence through physical characteristics and history allow the diamond to be one of the most unique and complex gemstones today, helping its wearer to embrace the meaning of the diamond however they see fit.